PENGARUH EKSTRAK DAUN KELOR SEBAGAI PRIMING ORGANIK TERHADAP VIABILITAS BENIH DAN VIGOR BIBIT JAGUNG (Zea mays L.)

Andi Sabtiana Indriaty, Suraedah Alimuddin, Abdullah Abdullah

Abstract


Effect of Moringa Leaf Extract as Organic Priming on Seed Viability and Vigor of Corn Seeds (Zea mays L.) under the guidance of Dr.Ir. Suraedah Alimuddin M.S and Dr.Ir. Abdullah M.Si. This study aimed to determine the effect of Moringa leaf extract concentration and duration of immersion of seeds as organic priming on viability and maize seed growth. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Biotechnology and Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, starting on September 5, 2020 until November 5, 2020. The study used a two-factorial completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The first factor, the concentration of Moringa leaf extract (0%,3%,6%,9%,12%) and immersion time (Priming) (8 hours, 12 hours, 16 hours). Observation parameters were germination, growth uniformity, growth speed, seedling height, seedling root length and dry weight of normal sprouts.The results of the F test on the analysis of variance showed that the concentration of Moringa leaf extract as organic priming had no significant effect on all observed parameters except for the length of the corn seed root. The results of the BNT test at 0.05 level showed that soaking Moringa leaf extract as organic priming produced the best root length at a concentration of 12% with a soaking time of 8 hours. Meanwhile, the duration of seed soaking (priming) had a significant effect on seed viability (germination rate and growth speed) and had no significant effect on corn seed vigor (growth uniformity, seedling height and normal germination dry weight (BKKN)). The results of the BNT test at 0.05 level showed that the treatment of soaking Moringa leaf extract for 12 hours gave the best results on germination and seed growth speed, namely 90.93% and 3.79%/etmal, respectively. There is a treatment interaction between the concentration of Moringa leaf extract and the duration of soaking the seeds on the root length of the maize seeds. The interaction between 12% Moringa leaf extract concentration treatment with 8 hours soaking time was significantly different from the 12% Moringa leaf extract concentration with 16 hours soaking time, but not significantly different at 12 hours soaking.


Keywords


Priming; Moringa Leaf Extract; Corn Seed Viability and Vigor

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim3. 2010. Penggunaan Benih Bermutu, Penting Bagi Peningkatan Produksi Pertanian. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Artikel. [terhubung berkala] https://www.umy.ac.id/Penggunaan-Benih-Bermutu-Penting-Bagi-Peningkatan-Produksi-Pertanian. [15 september 2021].

[Balitkabi] Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi. 2014. Invigorasi Benih Kedelai. Buletin Palawija No. 25. [terhubung berkala]. http://balitkabi.litbang.pertanian.go.id/infotek/invigorasi-benih-kedelai/. [30 Desember 2019]

Bakhri S. 2007. Budidaya jagung dengan konsep pengelolaan tanaman terpadu (PTT), Sulawesi tengah: Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP)

Cahyani, Desi Dwi, 2020. Pengaruh Berbagai Jenis Kemasan Dan Suhu Simpan Terhadap Mutu Fisiologis Benih Jagung (Zea Mays L). [terhubung berkala] https://sipora.polije.ac.id/453/. Undergraduated Thesis, Politeknik Negeri Jember. [30 september 2021].

Deivi V., . Saburu, Bobby P., Arthur P., Wenny T. .2015. Pengaruh Zeatin Terhadap Multiplikasi Tunas Eksplan Nodus Pada Tanaman Krisan Varietas Kulo Dan Puspita Nusantara. Artikel. [terhubung berkala] https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id. [1 agustus 2021]

Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2020. Pasokan Jagung Untuk Pakan Awal Tahun 2020 Aman. [terhubung berkala] http://ditjenpkh.pertanian.go.id/Pasokan-Jagung-Untuk-Pakan-Awal-Tahun-2020-Aman. [15 September 2021]

Fauziah K., dan Ramlah A. 2011. Pengaruh Perlakuan Matriconditioning Terhadap Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Jagung. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia. Seminar Nasional Serealia 2011.

Foidl, N., Makkar, H.P.S & Becker, K. 2001. The Potential of Moringan oleifera for agricultural and industrial use. In: Fuglie L.J (Ed.), The Miracle Tree: Multiple Attributes of Moringa, Dakar, Segegal: CTA/CWS, pp. 45-76.

Hala, H. Abou El-Nour and Nabila, A. Ewais. 2017. Effect of Moringa oleifera Leaf Extract (MLE) on Pepper Seed Germination, Seedlings Improvement, Growth, Fruit Yield and its Quality. Ins. Agric. Res.

Center, Giza. Middle East J. Agric. Res., 6(2): 448-463, 2017.

Iqbal, A.M. 2015. Improving Germination and Seedling Vigour of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L.) with Different Priming Techniques. Pakistan: American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 15 (2): 265-270, 2015

Kementrian Pertanian. 2018. Produksi Jagung Pada Tahun 2014-2018. Jakarta. [terhubung berkala] www.pertanian.go.id [30 september 2021]

Khan, A.A., Kar-Ling Tao, J.s. Knypl, B., Borkowska, and L.E. Powel., 1999. Osmotic conditioning of seed: Physiologycal and biochemicalchanges. Hoert. Sci. 83: 267-278.

Koes, F, & Komalasari, O. 2015. Pengaruh Lama Penyimpanan Dan Invigorasi Benih Terhadap Mutu Benih Jagung. In Prosdising Seminar Nasional Serealia (Pp. 525-532)

Lesilolo M.K., Riry J., dan Matatula E.A. 2012. Pengujian Viabilitas Dan Vigor Benih Beberapa Jenis Tanaman Yang Beredar Di Pasaran Kota Ambon. Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian, Unpatti. Agrologia, Vol. 2, No. 1, April 2013, Hal. 1-9.

Prawiranata , W., S. Harran Dan P. D. Tjondronegoro. 1981. Fisiologi Tumbuhan I, II Departemen Botani, Faperta Ipb, Bogor 2 Vol

Ruliyansyah, A.2011. Peningkatan performansi benih kacangan dengan perlakuan invigorasi. Jurnal Teknologi Perkebunan & PSDL, 1, 13-18.

Rehman H. U., Basra S. M. A., Rady M. M., Ghoneim A. M., Wang Q., 2017. Moringa Leaf Extract Improves Wheat Growth and Productivity by Affecting Senescence and Source-sink Relationship. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Int. J. Agric. Biol., Vol. 19, No. 3, 2017.

Syarifuddin dan Miranda T., 2015. Vigor Benih Beberapa Varietas Jagung Pada Media Tanam Tercemar Hidrokarbon. J. Floratek 10:20.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


___________________________________________________________
AGrotekMAS Jurnal Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian
p-issn = 2723-6196; e-issn = 2723-620X
Published by Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Ilmu Pertanian UMI

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0