PENGARUH PEMBERIAN DOSIS STARBIO DAN LAMA FERMENTASI LIMBAH JERAMI PADI TERHADAP KUALITAS PAKAN TERNAK SAPI BALI

Muhammad Akbar, Suriyanti Suriyanti, Maimuna Nontji

Abstract


This study aims to determine the effect of the dose of Starbio and the duration of fermentation of rice straw waste on the quality of feed for Bali cattle, to determine the effect of the interaction between the dose and duration of fermentation of rice straw on the quality of feed for Bali cattle. This experiment was carried out from May to June 2021 at the Experimental Garden of the Agricultural Technology Study Center (BPTP) in Pa'bentengan Village, Bajeng District, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi. Chemical analysis at the Animal Nutrition and Food Laboratory, Animal Health Service, UPT for Testing the Quality of Animal Husbandry Products in Makassar. The experiment was arranged using a completely randomized design (CRD) method with a two-factor factorial pattern and repeated 3 times. The first factor Starbio dose consists of 3 levels: 100 grams of strabio, 125 grams of starbio, and 150 grams of starbio. The second factor is the length of fermentation consisting of 3 levels: 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 4 weeks. The parameters observed were crude protein analysis and crude fiber analysis. The results showed that giving a dose of 125 grams of starbio and 2 weeks of fermentation gave the highest value for crude protein, namely 16.5 percent and the lowest value at a dose of 125 grams with a 3-week fermentation period of 6.07 percent. Giving a dose of 125 grams with a fermentation period of 2 weeks gave the lowest value for crude fiber, namely 25.25 percent and the highest value at a dose of 150 grams with a fermentation time of 4 weeks, which was 29.50 percent. By giving a dose of 125 grams, it gives the lowest value with a fermentation time of 2 weeks and has a significant effect on the quality of Bali cattle feed. The interaction of starbio dose treatment and fermentation time had a significant effect on crude protein and no significant effect on crude fiber.


Keywords


Starbio; Fermentation; Rice Straw Waste; Animal Feed Quality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amin, M., Hasan, S.D., Yanuarianto, O., and Iqbal, M. 2015. Pengaruh Lama Fermentasi Terhadap Kualitas Jerami Padi Amoniasi yang Ditambah Probiotik Bacillus Sp. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia, 1 (1) : 8 – 13. ISSN : 2460-6669.

Hanum, Z., dan Usman, Y. 2011. Analisis Proksimat Amoniasi Jerami Padi Dengan Penambahan Isi Rumen. Agripet, 11(1):39-45.

Kusumaningrum, M., Sutrisno,C.I. dan prasetyiyono,B.W.H.E. 2012. Kualitas Kimia Ransum Sapi Potong Berbasis Limbah Pertanian dan Samping Pertanian yang Difermentasi dengan Aspergillus Niger.

Animal Agriculture Journal. 1. 09-119.

Lamid, M, Puspaningsih, N. N. T. And Sarwoko, M. 2013. Addition of Lignocellulolytic Enzymes Into Rice Straw Improves In Vitro Rumen Fermentation Products. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci., 3(9)166-171. ISSN: 2090-4274.

Litbang Pertanian, 2012. Fermentasi Jerami untuk Pakan Ternak Sapi Edisi 19-25 September 2012 No.3474 Tahun XLIIIwww.litbang.pertanian.go.id/.../F ermentasi-Jerami-untuk-Pa.pdf

Masnun, 2014.Teknologi Jerami Fermentasi Sebagai Pakan Ternak. www.bppjambi.info/dwnpublikasi.asp id=135

Ramiyulis dan Sujatmiko. 2012. Penerapan teknologi defaunasi dan tape jerami suntuk meningkatkan produktivitas ternak yang dipelihara secara tradisional. Seminar Nasional Pengembangan Agroindustry Untuk Mendukung Perekonomian Rakyat.

Ramaiyulis., J. Nefri, R. W. S. Ningrat, M. Zain dan L. Warly. 2016. Optimalisasi sintesis protein mikroba rumen dengan penambahan ampas gambir dalam pakan suplemen sapi potong secara in vitro.

Seminar Nasional Dampak Perubahan Iklim Terhadap Biodiversitas Pertanian Indonesia, Payakumbuh.

Ramaiyulis., R. W. S. Ningrat, M. Zain dan L. Warly. 2017. Proteksi protein pakan suplemen dengan penambahan ampas gambir terhadap laju degradasi secara in vitro. Seminar nasional sapi dan kerbau III. Padang.

Sari, M. L., A. I. M. Ali, S. Sandi, dan A. Yolanda. 2015. Kualitas Serat Kasar, dan BETN terhadap Lama Penyimpanan Wafer Rumput Kumpai Minyak dengan Perekat Karaginan. Jurnal Peternakan Sriwijaya. 4 (2) : 35-40.

Soedjana TD, Bahri S, Diwyanto K, Priyanti A,Ilham N, MuharsiniS, Tiesnamurti B. 2012. Menakar potensi penyediaan daging sapi dan kerbau di dalam negeri menuju swasembada 2014. Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Peternakan. Badan Penelitian dan PengembanganPertanian, Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta (ID)

Soejono. 1990. Petunjuk Laboratorium Analisis dan Evaluasi Pakan.

Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.1990.

Sheikh, G.G., A.M. Ganai, P.A. Reshi, S. Bilal andS. Mir.2018. Improved Paddy Straw as Ruminant Feed: A Review. JOJ scin. 1(1): 1-8.

Wanapat M, Kang S, Hankla N, Phesatcha K. 2013. Effect of rice straw treatment onfeedintake, rumen fermentation and milk production in lactating dairy Cows. Afr.J.Agric. Res 8(17):1677-1687.

Wanapat, M., Kang, S., Hankla, N., and Phesatcha, K. 2013. Effect of rice straw treatment on feed intake, rumen fermentation and milk production in lactating dairy cows. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 8(17):1677-1687. DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2013.6732.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


___________________________________________________________
AGrotekMAS Jurnal Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian
p-issn = 2723-6196; e-issn = 2723-620X
Published by Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Ilmu Pertanian UMI

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0